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DIAMMONIUM PHOSPHATE (DAP)
 

Di ammonium phosphate (DAP) is the world’s most widely used phosphorus fertilizer. It’s made from two common constituents in the fertilizer industry, and its relatively high nutrient content and excellent physical properties make it a popular choice in farming and other industries.

DAP Fertilizer is used as a fertilizer complex, as well as for fertilizer blending.

 

 

Di ammonium phosphate is used for the timber and imparting flame retardant properties of the tissues and for various applications in the food and pharmaceutical industries

 

 

Di ammonium phosphate Due to the high content of readily available to plants of phosphorus compounds provide the active development of the root systems of plants, contributes to their stability to diseases, pests and adverse environmental influences. Increases quality and quantity of the crop. Di ammonium phosphate is used for all types of soil. However, be aware that in the fertilizer phosphorus dominates the nitrogen requires an additional application of nitrogen fertilizer to better alignment insertion of nitrogen and phosphorus.

WHEAT

Wheat ( lat.  Tríticum ) - genus of herbaceous , mostly annual , family of plants grasses, or Poa ( Poaceae ), a leading grain crop in many countries. 

Obtained from the grains of wheat flour used in the baking of bread , production of pasta and confectionery products. Wheat is also used as a fodder crop, in Russia wheat is included in some recipes for making beer and vodka .

Varieties and types of wheat.

Varieties of wheat very much. These plants are quite complex classification section comprising, types and subtypes, and about 10 hybrids as intra- and intergeneric. There are the following types of wheat:

  • annuals

  • two-year

Spring wheat and winter - the differences.

Expiring crop stands:

  • Spring wheat - it is sown from March to May, maturing within 100 days frost-free; clean it at the beginning of autumn. More drought-resistant than winter wheat, has excellent baking properties.

  • Winter wheat - it is sown in late summer to mid-autumn crop yields in the early to mid-summer next year. It gives a higher yield, but prefers areas with a mild climate and snowy winter.

Soft wheat and hard.

Types of grain hardness of wheat:

  • soft wheat - has a wider and shorter and shorter ear or missing spine. This type is characterized by a high content of protein and gluten. 

  •  durum wheat - has ears, a tight-fitting exterior films have not showered grain, but they are harder to identify. It has a rich yellow color and a pleasant odor. Durum wheat is used to make pasta.

 

Rye and wheat - differences.

 

Rye and wheat - one of the most popular and essential cereals. These grains have external similarity, but also many differences.

Varieties of wheat are much more varied than the rye variety.

Wheat has a wider application than rye.

The grains have a different appearance and chemical composition.

Wheat is more demanding to the soil and climate than rye

 
UREA
 

Urea fertilizer has the highest nitrogen content of all solid nitrogenous fertilizers in common use. Urea is solid nitrogen fertilizer (grade B) increased concentration is designed for a wide range of crops. 

 

Urea is used for soil fertilization in periodic feeding of sowing, and also used for regular stabilizing the growing season, to enhance increase in percentage of protein in cereal crops and increasing yield overall.

The substance has a great execution in the form of water-soluble granules of high strength, which gives ample opportunity for fertilizer mixtures.

Urea is also used in many multi-component solid fertilizer formulations. Urea is highly soluble in water and is therefore also very suitable for use in fertilizer solutions (in combination with ammonium nitrate: UAN), e.g., in 'foliar feed' fertilizers. For fertilizer use, granules are preferred over prills because of their narrower particle size distribution, which is an advantage for mechanical application. The most common impurity of synthetic urea is biuret, which impairs plant growth.

 

Urea is usually spread at rates of between 40 and 300 kg/ha but rates vary. Smaller applications incur lower losses due to leaching. During summer, urea is often spread just before or during rain to minimize losses from volatilization (a process wherein nitrogen is lost to the atmosphere as ammonia gas).

VEGETABLE OIL

Vegetable oils are triglycerides extracted from plants. Such oils have been part of human culture for millennia.  Edible vegetable oils are used in food, both in cooking and as supplements. 

Many oils, edible and otherwise, are burned as fuel, such as in oil lamps and as a substitute for petroleum-based fuels. Some of the many other uses include wood finishing, oil painting, and skin care.

 

The term "vegetable oil" can be narrowly defined as referring only to substances that are liquid at room temperature, or broadly defined without regard to a substance's state of matter at a given temperature. While a large majority of the entries in this list fit the narrower of these definitions, some do not qualify as vegetable oils according to all understandings of the term.

 

Although most plants contain some oil, only the oil from certain major oil crops complemented by a few dozen minor oil crops is widely used and traded.

 

Vegetable oils can be classified in several ways, for example:

By source: most, but not all vegetable oils are extracted from the fruits or seeds of plants, and the oils may be classified by grouping oils from similar plants, such as "nut oils".

By use: as described above, oils from plants are used in cooking, for fuel, for cosmetics, for medical purposes, and for other industrial purposes.

The vegetable oils are grouped below in common classes of use.

Edible oils

Oils used for biofuel

Drying oils

Other oils

 
AMMONIUM NITRATE
 

Ammonium Nitrate are among the most popular and useful fertilizers in agricultural industry. It is confirmed that the high concentration of nitrogen helps to promote plant growth and improve productivity on plant and for all crops.

 

Ammonium nitrate is commonly used as a component in fertilizers and is a very important chemical in the agricultural industry. In agricultural industry Nitrogen fertilizers are used as one of the main seedbed fertilizer and also as the supplementary fertilizer in agricultural industry. Application of fertilizer is carried out and determined by the given result of nutrients present in the soil. Ammonium nitrate is used in all soil-climatic zones of Russia on all crops and soil types and ranked first in efficiency among nitrogen fertilizers - a high content of nitrogen contributes to obtaining high yields. 

NPK

Fertilizers enhance the growth of plants. This goal is met in two ways, the traditional one being additives that provide nutrients. The second mode by which some fertilizers act is to enhance the effectiveness of the soil by modifying its water retention and aeration. This article, like many on fertilizers, emphasizes the nutritional aspect. Fertilizers typically provide, in varying proportions:

Three main macronutrients:

Nitrogen (N): leaf growth;

Phosphorus (P): Development of roots, flowers, seeds, fruit;

Potassium (K): Strong stem growth, movement of water in plants, promotion of flowering and fruiting;

three secondary macronutrients: calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and sulphur (S);

Micronutrients: copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), zinc (Zn), boron (B), and of occasional significance there are silicon (Si), cobalt (Co), and vanadium (V) plus rare mineral catalysts.

 

 

NPK fertilizers are three-component fertilizers providing nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

NPK rating is a rating system describing the amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in a fertilizer. NPK ratings consist of three numbers separated by dashes (e.g., 10-10-10 or 16-4-8) describing the chemical content of fertilizers. The first number represents the percentage of nitrogen in the product; the second number, P2O5; the third, K2O. Fertilizers do not actually contain P2O5 or K2O, but the system is a conventional shorthand for the amount of the phosphorus (P) or potassium (K) in a fertilizer. A 50-pound (23 kg) bag of fertilizer labeled 16-4-8 contains 8 lb (3.6 kg) of nitrogen (16% of the 50 pounds), an amount of phosphorus equivalent to that in 2 pounds of P2O5 (4% of 50 pounds), and 4 pounds of K2O (8% of 50 pounds). Most fertilizers are labeled according to this N-P-K convention, although Australian convention, following an N-P-K-S system, adds a fourth number for sulfur.

 

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